Kearifan Lokal dalam Kumpulan Puisi Banjar sebagai Media Pembelajaran pada Sekolah Menengah
Local wisdom is a system of values and norms that are compiled, adhered to, understood, and applied by local communities based on their understanding and experience in interacting with the environment. Local wisdom is very important to be learnt because it functions as 1) conservation of natural resources, 2) human resource development 3) cultural development 4) development and science 5) ethics and morals, and so on. This research is focused on 1) the form of local wisdom found in Banjar poetry collection and 2) how to apply local wisdom in Banjar poetry collection as a medium of learning in secondary schools. The method of the research is descriptive analysis. The data sources of this research are 1) a collection of Banjar poetry and 2) teachers and students of Madrasah Aliyah Muhamadiyah 1 Banjarmasin. Data collection techniques used in this research are text observations, field observations, interviews and questionnaires. The results of the research are 1) the local wisdom found in Banjar poetry collection are in the form of beliefs, customary laws, and norms. It was found that local community’s belief of their ancestors in Meratus forest is still strong. The people believe that Meratus has its own “guard” called Panglima Burung, he is accompanied by traditional music called kuriding. The local community also believe in Panglima Angsa for their guidance in life, the people often ask for his wisdom. The local community's customary law found in Banjar poetry collection is the presence of ancestral sabers called mandau that are flown in when the community wants to cut tyranny for the loss of their homes in Meratus forest. The norm is in the form of an appeal to preserve nature which is called Bawanang. Bawanang is seen as an ancestor who is able to overcome all environmental damage by using supernatural powers. The community also believe that Bawanang is capable to drive away greedy people who damage the environment and 2) Learning local wisdom through Banjar poetry collection can be done by a) asking students to analyse the atmosphere, theme, and meanings of local wisdom found in Banjar poetry collection and b) asking students to demonstrate local wisdom found in Banjar poetry collection by applying the norms that exist in the poetry to their daily life activities as the norms are considered to be some messages from the ancestors to maintain preservation of nature.